Carbon emissions and economic growth continue to decouple
UK emissions fell 38% between 1990 and 2015 while the economy grew by 64%, according to the latest government data. Meanwhile, the International Energy Agency (IEA) has reported that global emissions were flat for the third consecutive year despite a growing economy.
Publishing its annual forecast of emissions and energy demand, the Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy (BEIS) said that it expected the trend of falling emissions and economic growth to continue.
The department predicted that overall energy demand would fall by 2% from 2016 to the mid-2020s. After this it would increase and be 4% higher in 2035 than in 2016.
BEIS said future demand for energy would continue to be highest in the transport sector. It accounted for 39% of final energy demand by households and businesses in 2015 and this is expected to remain almost constant to 2035.
The department has elevated its prediction of energy demand from transport since it last reported in 2015 after revising its estimations of fuel efficiency of road vehicles by basing them on real world conditions rather than ...