EIA in the US, the UK and Europe
Experts from Atkins compare the different environmental legislative landscapes of the US, the UK and the EU, and the effects on environmental impact assessments (EIAs)
Time and again, governments look to regulate the actions of organisations and individuals with the hope of changing behaviour to fall in line with the guidance of the moment and achieve targets set upon them. The process by which this guidance takes shape varies, as do the outcomes of such regulations. However, one area in which there seems to have been progression in the US and the EU is in requiring EIA in main stream developments.
Comparing EIA regulation
On January 1, 1970, the US government signed into law the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) with the intention of establishing a national policy for the “protection, maintenance, and enhancement of the environment” with regard to federal projects.
Specifically, federal agencies were to implement consideration of the environment into their decision-making protocol by way of preparation of an environmental statement that assessed both the potential impacts of a proposed project and those ...